Exploring the lesser-known differences between CBD and CBG

Exploring the lesser-known differences between CBD and CBG

April 24, 2024 | Product Guide | By Dave McShane

CBDCBGDifferences

You may have heard of CBD and its numerous health benefits, but what about CBG? CBG, alongside CBD, also originates from the cannabis plant. They offer distinct properties and effects that are worth exploring. CBD, or cannabidiol, is known for its non-psychoactive nature and is commonly used for its anti-inflammatory and calming effects. On the other hand, CBG, or cannabigerol, being the precursor to both CBD and CBG, gives it the nickname “mother of all cannabinoids.” This nickname originates from its role in the early stages of hemp growth. 

CBG has potential antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. Understanding the differences between these two compounds will help you decide whether to incorporate either into your wellness routine.

Key Takeaways:

  • CBD and CBG have different chemical structures: CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) are two distinct cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, each with its unique chemical makeup.
  • Potential therapeutic benefits: While CBD and CBG have medicinal properties, they may offer different therapeutic benefits. CBD is known for its anti-inflammatory and relaxing effects, with CBG being cited for its antibacterial and neuroprotective properties, among other things.
  • Varying levels in cannabis strains: Cannabis strains can vary in their CBD and CBG content, while some strains are explicitly bred for higher levels of one cannabinoid over the other. In recent years, there has been a push towards plants with a high CBG content to serve the ever-expanding CBG market. This was only sometimes the case because CBG, up until a few years ago, was very expensive due to it not being available in decent quantities as plants typically produced a minimal amount of CBG.

Understanding CBD

There are six black 30ml dropper bottles in a row. All the bottles are standing on a super white gloss surface. Each bottle has gold writing showing CBD Oil Drops, includes a grey band with white writing that states “Unflavoured,” and the hemp leaf logo of Incredibles CBD. The 30ml options are 300mg, 600mg, 1200mg and 2400mg. The 10ml options are 600mg and 1200mg in strength.
Incr-edibles range of unflavoured CBD oils

The Basics of CBD

Some people may be familiar with CBD as a prevalent cannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant. CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychotropic, and it has become commonplace due to its therapeutic benefits. It is commonly used in various forms, such as oils, tinctures, edibles, and topicals, to promote overall wellness.

Therapeutic Applications and Benefits of CBD

An increasing body of research suggests that CBD may offer several therapeutic benefits for various health conditions. Studies have shown the potential anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-anxiety properties of CBD. Studies are still ongoing for its potential in managing conditions such as epilepsy, chronic pain, and insomnia.

With ongoing research, CBD’s therapeutic potential continues to expand. CBD can play a crucial role. You may have heard of CBD and its numerous health benefits, but what about CBG? Although these are both cannabis plant compounds, they offer distinct properties and effects that are worth exploring. CBD, or cannabidiol, is known for its non-psychoactive nature and is commonly used for its anti-inflammatory and calming effects.

On the other hand, CBG, or cannabigerol, is the precursor to both CBD and THC, which distinguishes it as the “mother of all cannabinoids.” This term is given to CBG because of its role in the early stages of hemp growth. 

CBG has potential antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. Understanding what sets these two compounds apart can help you make informed decisions when looking to introduce them into your wellness routine.

Key Takeaways:

  • CBD and CBG have different chemical structures: CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) are two distinct cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, each with its unique chemical makeup.
  • Potential therapeutic benefits: While CBD and CBG have medicinal properties, they may offer different therapeutic benefits. CBD is known for its anti-inflammatory and relaxing effects, while CBG is often studied for its potential antibacterial and neuroprotective properties.
  • Varying levels in cannabis strains: Cannabis strains can vary in their CBD and CBG content, with some strains being explicitly bred for higher levels of one cannabinoid over the other. Understanding these differences can help consumers choose products that suit their specific needs.

With ongoing research, CBD’s therapeutic potential continues to expandIt interacts with the ECS (endocannabinoid system) in the body, which plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes. As a result, CBD may offer promising effects in promoting homeostasis and overall well-being.

Unveiling CBG

A range of Incr-edibles CBG oils (Cannabigerol) showing four black 30ml dropper bottles flanked by two 10ml black dropper bottles standing side by side in an upright position
Incr-edibles range of unflavoured CBG Oils

The Fundamentals of CBG

CBG, or cannabigerol, is a lesser-known cannabinoid that is also beginning to gain attention for the potential health benefits it offers users. While CBD and THC often steal the spotlight, CBG is being recognised for its unique properties and possible therapeutic uses.

Potential Medical Uses of CBG

Any exploration of CBG must consider its potential medical applications. CBG has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and is a promising option for various health conditions.

To truly understand CBG’s potential medical uses, it is necessary to examine its neuroprotective effects. Like CBD, CBG can also interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. These qualities position CBG as another valuable cannabinoid asset within natural medicine. 

Comparative Analysis

Chemical Structure and Concentrations

Concentrations: CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) are both cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, but they have unique chemical structures. CBD is predominantly found in higher concentrations in hemp plants, while CBG is present in smaller amounts. CBD is known for its therapeutic benefits without the psychoactive effects.

Interaction with the Endocannabinoid System

A microscopic depiction Showing THC molecules binding to a part of the ECS (Endocannabinoid System). This show cells of many varying colours to include blue, purple, bright green and orange.

Any: 

CBD and CBG interact with the body’s ECS (endocannabinoid system), a complex network of receptors that regulates various physiological processes. However, they do so in different ways. CBD primarily interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors, while CBG, on the other hand, has a stronger affinity for the CB2 receptor. This difference in receptor interaction contributes to their unique effects on the body.

Chemical: 

CBD has been found to modulate the endocannabinoid system by inhibiting the breakdown of anandamide, a neurotransmitter associated with mood regulation and pain perception. On the other hand, CBG has been shown to interact with the CB2 receptor, which plays a crucial role in immune function and inflammation. These distinct mechanisms of action underscore the diverse therapeutic potential of CBD and CBG.

Practical Considerations

Availability and Legal Status

Practical considerations when choosing between CBD and CBG include their availability and legal status. While CBD is more widely available and legal in many places, CBG may be harder to find and has more restrictions in some regions.

Product Options and Consumption Methods

Regarding product options and consumption methods, there are some key differences between CBD and CBG. CBD is commonly found in various products such as oils, edibles, and topicals, making it versatile for different preferences. On the other hand, CBG products may have more limited options and require more research to find the best consumption method for the desired effects.

It is important to note that while both CBD and CBG offer potential health benefits, the specific effects and interactions with the body may vary. Consumers should consult a healthcare professional before incorporating these cannabinoids into their wellness routine. 

Understanding the differences in availability, legal status, product options, and consumption methods can help individuals decide between CBD and CBG products. 

CBD/CBG Blended Oils

There are six black bottles, four 30ml dropper bottles in a row flanked by 10ml dropper bottles on either side. All the bottles are standing on a super white gloss surface and have gold writing showing CBD/CBG Blend, a green band stating Cannabidiol/Cannabigerol, and the hemp leaf logo of Incredibles CBD. These products are of various strengths.
Incr-edibles range of CBD/CBG Blended Oils

The best of both worlds

While CBD (Cannabidiol) and CBG (Cannabigerol) offer similar benefits, you can see from the above information that they also work on different plains within the body. However, early studies have shown that combining these cannabinoids may have a more profound effect on the outcome of their efficacy. Each of these compounds works well together and supports each other regarding their impact on many conditions. Many companies have picked up the symbiotic relationship between these two significant cannabinoids, creating blended oils containing both CBD and CBG. In most instances, the blended oils provide an equal ratio of 50% CBD to 50% CBG. Incr-edibles CBD products were at the forefront in the UK of creating an extensive range of blended CBD/CBG oils. This range covers six strength combinations available in 10ml and 30ml bottles. 

To wrap up

From the above, it is clear that CBD and CBG are distinct compounds with their unique properties and potential therapeutic benefits. While both cannabinoids offer various health advantages, they have specific differences in chemical structures, interactions with the endocannabinoid system, and possible medical applications. Understanding these nuances can help individuals choose between CBD and CBG products for their wellness needs. As research continues to examine the complexities of these compounds deeper, it is essential to stay updated on the latest findings to fully harness the potential of CBD and CBG in promoting health and well-being. 

FAQ

What are the differences between CBD and CBG?

CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) are two different compounds found in the cannabis plant. While both are non-psychoactive cannabinoids, they interact with the endocannabinoid system in various ways. CBD is known for its calming and anti-inflammatory properties, while CBG is believed to have potential benefits for mood regulation and digestive health.

How do CBD and CBG differ in extraction and availability?

CBD is commonly available and extracted from the hemp plant’s leaves, flowers, and stems. CBG, however, is often found in smaller quantities in the cannabis plant and is more challenging to extract. However, as research on CBG continues to grow, more CBG products are becoming available in the market. As a result of research into this particular cannabinoid and the many benefits it offers, breeders have been developing cannabis strains that are rich in CBG over the last few years. This has made CBG and its associated products much more affordable than they had previously been, placing it as a fantastic alternative to CBD.

Are there any notable similarities between CBD and CBG?

Despite their differences, CBD and CBG share similarities regarding potential health benefits. Both cannabinoids have shown promise in addressing inflammation, pain management, and neurological disorders. Additionally, they are both non-intoxicating, making them appealing options for individuals seeking therapeutic benefits without the “high” associated with THC. Both CBD and CBG cannabinoids can be found as isolate-based cannabinoid products, meaning that they do not contain any THC, and because of this, it makes them suitable for professionals or customers who need to consider the possibility of drug tests—interacting with the ECS (endocannabinoid system) in the body. As a result, CBD may offer promising effects in promoting homeostasis and overall well-being.

Is CBG good for skin?

Some research indicates CBG may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects that could benefit skin health, but more studies are still needed.

Is too much CBG bad for you?

CBG is generally considered safe and well-tolerated, but excessive amounts of any compound can potentially have negative effects. Moderation is advisable until more is known.

Should you take CBG every day?

There is no consensus on ideal CBG dosing or frequency yet. Daily use may be appropriate for some, but it’s best to start low and consult a doctor, especially if taking other medications.

Will CBG make me sleepy?

CBG is not known to cause drowsiness or sedation for most people. However, it may promote relaxation which could indirectly aid sleep.

What is the best way to consume CBG?

CBG can be consumed in various forms like oils, tinctures, edibles, capsules, and vape products. The “best” method depends on your preferences for dosing, onset time, and bioavailability.

How long does it take for CBG to work?

The onset of effects can vary based on the consumption method. Inhaled CBG may take effect within minutes, while ingested forms like edibles or capsules may take 30-90 minutes to be absorbed. Effects typically last several hours.