As a visitor to our website and this blog, the chances are high that you are interested in learning what is CBD and how is it made? Here we discuss its properties, benefits, and the processes involved in its manufacture. CBD (Cannabidiol) is an organic chemical compound present in the Cannabis genus of plants. Cannabis Sativa is a generic name divided into species, namely called marijuana and hemp.
Marijuana plants, by definition, are those containing high amounts of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and those most commonly used as a drug. THC is the chemical compound within Cannabis that gets users high. CBD, however, is usually also present within marijuana plants.
In contrast, Cannabis plants containing low THC levels are used and harvested for many reasons and are called hemp plants. Products such as paper, oils, food, and clothing are various items made using hemp plants. The reduced THC levels within hemp explain why hemp plants are ideally suited to and have increasingly become the source of most CBD.
For CBD to be legal, it must contain no more than 0.2% THC in the UK.
How is CBD made?
If you have read about the different benefits of CBD, you could be wondering how exactly a plant derivative becomes refined to help the user.
Well, CBD gets extracted from different parts of the hemp plant. These include flowers, leaves, and stalks. Additionally, the method used to remove CBD from these parts determines how pure the types of CBD products are.
Today, the three main methods of manufacturing CBD include CO2, ethanol, and oil infusion.
· CO2 Extraction
With the CO2 CBD extraction method, a solid Carbon Dioxide piece is put in a chamber and then pumped into another enclosure containing the hemp plant material. This plant material could be the leaves, flowers, or stalks.
In the second chamber, the pressure gets applied such that the solid CO2 turns into a liquid. After that, the liquid CO2 absorbs the oils and flavours of the hemp plant.
The CO2 and hemp plant matter combination gets pumped to a different chamber, where Carbon Dioxide turns into the gaseous form. The oil and hemp flavours are therefore left behind.
This oil and hemp flavour is what now gets referred to as CBD oil. Under optimal conditions, the Carbon Dioxide extraction method produces the purest CBD.
The Benefits of CO2 Extraction
· The Carbon Dioxide CBD extraction method is generally safe. CO2 is used to manufacture carbonated drinks and some foods without any safety concerns
· No contamination. Purity is essential when taking a CBD product, and things such as chlorophyll and any impurities get eliminated.
· CO2 Extraction is a quick method as targeting the only desired chemical compounds is much possible.
The Disadvantages of CO2 Extraction
· The equipment used in the Carbon Dioxide extraction of Cannabidiol is expensive.
· The kit requires specialised training for use.
· Ethanol Extraction
The Ethanol extraction of CBD deemed to be the simplest of all involves soaking the hemp plant matter in high-grain alcohol. This process eventually leads to separating cannabinoids such as Cannabidiol from the leaves, flowers, or stalks of hemp.
The Benefits of Ethanol CBD Extraction
· The Ethanol extraction method is easy to use and so doesn't require specialized knowledge.
· Ethanol is more versatile as it's both polar and bipolar. This particular extraction method will effectively extract both polar and non-polar molecules in hemp plant matter.
· Ethanol is affordable.
The Disadvantages of Ethanol CBD Extraction
· Extracting CBD while using ethanol is time-consuming
· The extracted CBD still contains traces of chlorophyll
. Oil extraction
The critical starting point with the oil infusion method of extracting CBD is the decarboxylation of the hemp plant or heating the plant matter so that the cannabinoids can be active.
After that, the decarboxylated (heated) plant matter gets added to carrier oils such as coconut oil or olive oil. The mix is then further heated at temperatures over 100℃ for one hour or more. Lastly, this mixture goes through a distillation process allowing for the collection of various chemical compounds such as CBD.
The Benefits of Oil infusion
· There are no residual solvents left
· Easy to use.
The Disadvantages of Oil infusion
· The extracted Cannabidiol has a shorter life span.
· The taste could be lewd.
Understanding the ins and outs of CBD is primal, especially when you shop for a specific Cannabidiol product. We hope the above information will give you a much better understanding of the products you are about to consume. If they are safe and legal, and the precise extraction processes that were involved.